What is NDA – Complete information about how to join NDA after 12th

NDA (National Defence Academy) is the joint service academy of the Armed Forces of India. If your interest is to make a career in defence and you want to get a chance to serve the country, then you can serve in the three armies of India, Army, Navy and Airforce, NDA is a great option for this. If you also want to know about what is NDA and how to join NDA, then get complete information in this article. Defence & Doon IAS Academy

Today lakhs of students from small towns and villages are making their career in NDA. But many of these students do not have complete information about how to prepare for the NDA exam, due to which they are not able to get success in it, so today we have brought this post for those students who want to prepare for the NDA exam. Are preparing or who want to make their career in NDA. Through this post, you will know what is NDA and what is the full form of NDA etc. in NDA Full Information, just read the post from beginning to end.


What is an NDA?

NDA or National Defence Academy is the combined service academy of the Indian Armed Forces, where cadets from the three services, the Army, Navy and Air Force, train together before they join their respective service academies. Before they go on pre-commission training. NDA is located at Khadakwasla near Pune, Maharashtra.

The NDA exam is conducted every year by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC), the candidate who clears the SSB (Services Selection Board) interview.


NDA Full Form

“National Defence Academy”

NDA is the world’s first tri-services academy. The National Defence Academy (NDA) has so far produced 27 service chiefs, including 3 Param Vir Chakra and 9 Ashok Chakra recipients.


What is the qualification for NDA exam:

NDA 2022 is conducted for all India candidates, candidates who wish to join the Indian Defense Forces. Those candidates are recruited through NDA, in the Air Force, Navy and Army. Before applying, ensure your eligibility because only those candidates who fulfil what qualification or eligibility condition to go into NDA will be eligible to appear in the online test.



  • The applying candidate must be a citizen of India, Nepal or Bhutan.
  • A Tibetan refugee who came to India before 01 January 1962 with the intention of becoming a permanent resident of India is also eligible.
  • A person of Indian origin who has migrated from Burma, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and East African countries such as Kenya, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire and Ethiopia or Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India may also apply.


Age Limit:

 (1) 2022: Candidates having age between 2nd July 2001 to 1st July 2004 are eligible for the exam. If born before 2nd July 2001 and after 1st July 2004 are not eligible for NDA (1) 2022 exam.

(2) 2022: Whose age is between 2nd January 2002 to 1st January 2005. They are allowed to take the test if the candidate is of age before 2nd January 2002 and after 1st January 2005. So they are not allowed to sit in the exam.

Only unmarried male candidates are eligible for the NDA exam. Girls are not allowed to appear in the NDA entrance exam.


Educational Qualification:

The minimum qualifications required for the Indian Army, Navy and Air Force are as follows:

Eligibility for Indian Army:- Candidates who want to apply for Indian Army, they must have passed 12th (10+2 pattern) or its equivalent examination from a recognized board. The candidates who are going in the 12th examination can also apply for this.

Eligibility for Indian Navy and Air Force:- Candidates going to Indian Navy and Air Force must have passed 12th / (10+2 pattern) from a recognized Board or University with Physics and Mathematics as compulsory subjects.


Physical Efficiency

It is mandatory for the candidates to be physically and mentally fit as per the physical standards framed by the National Defence Academy and Naval Academy Examination 2022.

A candidate who has resigned or withdrawn on disciplinary grounds from any of the Armed Forces Training Academies is not eligible to apply.


How to join NDA –

To join NDA, you have to follow these steps given below –

1. Apply for UPSC NDA Exam.

To join the National Defense Academy (NDA), a candidate has to appear in an entrance exam conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC), which takes place twice a year, usually in the months of March and August. Candidate must be an unmarried male.

2. Clear UPSC NDA Exam.

After applying for the NDA exam you have to crack the NDA exam (Prelims & Mains) to be conducted by “Union Public Service Commission”.

3. Clear the SSB interview.

To join NDA, SSB (Services Selection Board) interview, medical and after that merit list is issued, on the basis of which it is decided whether you can join NDA or not. After successful in the NDA  exam, there are many tests like the NDA Physical Fitness Test, Group Discussion etc. which are required to be cleared.

4. Complete the training.

After clearing all the tests, you are sent for training according to the post i.e. the post for which you applied, when your training is completed, after that you can join that post of NDA. can do.


Height for NDA

  • The minimum height measurement for the Air Force is 157 cm (162.5 cm).
  • For Gorkhas and persons belonging to the hills of North-Eastern regions of India, Garhwal, and Kumaon, the minimum height shall be at least 5 cm.
  • The minimum height can be reduced by 2 cm in case of candidates from Lakshadweep.


The detailed height/weight parameters are mentioned below:

  • The weight should be between 42.5 Kg to 66.5 Kg for Army and Air Force candidates with a height of 152-183 cms, while for NAVY candidates with a height of 152-183 cms, the weight should be between 44 Kg to 67 Kg. must be between
  • The applicant has to cover a distance of 2.4 km in 15 minutes and they also have to do 20 sit-ups.


NDA Exam Pattern:

National Defence Academy i.e. NDA 2022 Exam is conducted twice in a year through offline mode (written exam). There are 2 sections in the exam- Mathematics and General Ability Test. The total duration of NDA is 5 hours for both the sections combined.

  • All the questions in the exam will be of objective type i.e. Multiple Choice Questions will be asked.
  • The medium of examination will be bilingual with a total of 900 marks.
  • Out of 270 questions, 120 questions will be asked from Mathematics and 150 questions from the General Ability section.
  • There is a provision of negative marking for each wrong answer as per the marks allotted for the questions asked in the examination.


The syllabus (syllabus) covered under NDA will be of 10+2 level.

Subject No. of Questions Maximum Marks  Time of Examination
Mathematics 120 300 2 Hours  30 Minutes
General Aptitude 150 600 2 Hours 30 Minutes
Total 270 900 5 Hours


After qualifying the NDA 2022 entrance exam, all the candidates have to appear for an NDA interview. About which you have been told further:

Second Round Duration Maximum Marks

SSB Interview 4-5 Days 900


NDA Syllabus:

The Syllabus for NDA Exam is further explained to you in detail:


Paper I Mathematics:

  • Algebra
  • Matrices and Determinants
  • Trigonometry
  • Analytical Geometry of two and three dimensions
  • Differential Calculus
  • Integral Calculus and Differential equations
  • Vector Algebra
  • Statistics and Probability



If your dream is also to join the Indian Army and you are also preparing for the NDA exam, then you must know the NDA Syllabus because it helps you to achieve your success. So let’s now know NDA Syllabus 2022:

Part A – ENGLISH :- The question paper in English will be designed to test the aspirants comprehension of English and the usage of words. The syllabus covers various aspects like grammar and usage, vocabulary, comprehension and cohesion in the text to test the candidate’s proficiency in English.

Part B – GENERAL KNOWLEDGE:- The question paper on General Knowledge will broadly cover the subjects Physics, Chemistry, General Science, Social Studies, Geography and Current Events.


NDA Physical Fitness Test:

Candidates should pay special attention to their physical fitness, so that you can pass these tests given below

  • 2.4 km run in 15 minutes
  • Skipping
  • Pushups and sit ups (minimum 20 each)
  • Chin up (Min 08)
  • Rope climbing 3-4 metres


NDA Training Centres

  • National Defence Academy, Khadakwasla, Pune
  • Indian Military Academy (IMA), Dehradun
  • Indian Naval Academy (INA), Ezhimala
  • Ind. Air Force Academy (AFA), Hyderabad


NDA Salary:

The NDA Salary of the candidates who are joining the Defence Services like Army, Navy and Air Force Wings in India has been told to you:

  • Minimum Pay Scale Monthly – Rs.56100/-
  • Pay Scale – Rs.56100/- – 2,18,200/-
  • Maximum Pay Scale Monthly – Rs.2,18,200/-


What salary does an NDA officer get according to the post –

Post Salary (in Rs. per month)
Salary 56,100 during training
Leftinent 56,100-1,775,00
Captain 61,300 -1,93,900
Major 69,400-2,07,200
Lt Col 1,21,200-2,12,400
Col 1,30,600-2,15,900
Brigadier 1,39,600-2,17,600
Major General 1,44,200-2,18,200
Lieutenant General HAG Scale  1,82,200-2,24,100
Army Commander/Lieutenant General (NFSG)  2,50,000


NDA Preparation:

Here are some important tips for the preparation of the NDA exam, which will prove useful for you to score good marks in the exam.

  • Know once about the exam syllabus, exam pattern and marks to be given in the exam.
  • Prepare short notes every time you complete a topic. Include all the important points in the notes.
  • Solve previous years exam papers and as many as possible as it will help you to understand the exam pattern and type of questions.
  • Read from good study sources i.e. books, online tutorials and online material.
  • Take as many online or offline mock tests as possible to increase your speed and accuracy level.

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